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Ask Our Experts
Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a condition in which the liquid content of the stomach regurgitates (backs up or refluxes) into the esophagus. The liquid can inflame and damage the lining of the esophagus. The regurgitated liquid usually contains acid and pepsin that are produced by the stomach. Acid is believed to be the most injurious component of the refluxed liquid.
The following recommendations may be helpful in reducing symptoms:
1. Stop using tobacco in all forms. Nicotine weakens the lower esophageal muscle.
2. Avoid chewing gum and hard candy. They increase the amount of swallowed air which, in turn, leads to belching and reflux.
3. Do not lie down immediately after eating. Avoid late night snacks.
4. Avoid tight clothing and bending over after eating.
5. Eat small, frequent portions of food and snack if needed.
6. Lose weight if overweight. Obesity leads to increased reflux.
7. Elevate the head of the bed six to eight inches to prevent reflux when sleeping. Extra pillows, by themselves, are not very helpful.
8. Certain foods aggravate acid reflux, and should be avoided like fatty or fried foods, peppermint and spearmint, whole milk, oils, chocolate, creamed foods or soups, and most fast foods.
9. The foods that irritate an inflamed lower esophagus and may need to be limited or avoided like citrus fruits and juices, coffee (regular and decaffeinated), caffeinated soft drinks, tea and other caffeinated beverages.
10. Spicy or acidic foods may not be tolerated by some individuals.
11. Probiotics in your diet may help you for easy recovery as it restores the digestive balance and health.
Get a tailored diet plan for acid reflux or heartburn.