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Diabetes Diet / Hypoglycemic Diet Home / Diabetes Diet
Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes in which the body fails to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)
  • Type 2 diabetes which results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)
  • Gestational diabetes is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. This may lead to development of type II diabetes.

Exercise helps in reducing the blood sugar level along with controlling the blood pressure and improving circulatory health. Hence with a proper physical activity routine, a diabetic patient can prevent and control the complications of diabetes.

A well balanced diet is also an important part of diabetic treatment as the diet plays a commanding role for the level of nutrients in our body. Food being the prime source of glucose needs to be planned in such a way that it does not render high levels of glucose readily to the body.

Diet for a diabetic should be planned keeping in mind the following :

  • Diet must contain plenty of whole fresh fruits and vegetables, especially green leafy and colourful vegetables so as to get good supply of fiber and antioxidant vitamins and minerals. Fruits and vegetables must be eaten either raw as salads or after minimal processing to retain their maximum nutrient benefit.
  • Diet should include whole grain cereals and products having bran. Multigrain breads or breakfast meals should be opted.
  • Diet should supply good quantity of protein obtained from low fat milk, cottage cheese, low fat yogurt, buttermilk, whole legumes and pulses, lean meat, small fish and egg white.
  • Drink plenty of water to replenish the water loss through frequent urination and to suppress the hunger.
  • Fats to be included in the diet must be unsaturated one especially essential fatty acids found in olive oil, fish oils and fortified vegetable oils.
  • Reduce the intake of salt and processed foods, fatty and highly spiced foods.

A systematic approach with proper diet and exercise will lead to overall well being of a diabetic person.
Gift yourself a healthy life with our tailored diet program for diabetes.
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